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School of Molecular & Biomedical Science
The University of Adelaide
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Dr David Ellis
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Mould Identification: A Virtual Self Assessment

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Please find additional information below

Unknown 54 = Epidemophyton floccosum

Case History: A 27 year old male presented with a circular erythematous lesion on the inner thigh. Direct microscopy of skin scrapings revealed the presence of septate fungal hyphae breaking up into arthroconidia. The culture below was isolated.

Clinical Presentation:

Tinea of the groin (tinea cruris) showing typical circular, erythematous lesions with raised advancing margins.

Tinea cruris caused by E. floccosum.

Direct Microscopy : (KOH mount)

KOH mount of infected skin scales showing typical dermatophyte hyphae breaking up into arthroconidia.

Culture:

Colonies are usually greenish-brown or khaki coloured with a suede-like surface, raised and folded in the centre, with a flat periphery and submerged fringe of growth.  Older cultures may develop white pleomorphic tufts of mycelium. A deep yellowish-brown reverse pigment is usually present.

Culture of E. floccosum.

Microscopy:

Microscopic morphology of E. floccosum showing characteristic smooth, thin-walled macroconidia, which are often produced in, clusters growing directly from the hyphae.  Numerous chlamydoconidia are formed in older cultures.  No microconidia are formed.

Smooth, thin-walled macroconidia of E. floccosum.

Chlamydoconidia of E. floccosum.

Comment:
An anthropophilic fungus often causing tinea pedis, tinea cruris, tinea corporis and onychomycosis.  Not known to invade hair in vivo.  May become epidemic among personnel using common shower or gym facilities, e.g. athletic teams, troops, ship crews and inmates of institutions.  Distribution:  World-wide.
Key Features:  Culture characteristics and microscopic morphology.

For further information on Dermatophytosis.

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What is your identification?

Trichophyton tonsurans
Trichophyton interdigitale var. nodulare
Epidermophyton floccosum

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